In late September, Google announced it had been gradually rolling out Hummingbird, a completely new search algorithm. The algorithm emphasizes semantic search and focuses on understanding the meaning behind the user query rather than simply trying to match instances of words in its Web index.

Take a look at Danny Sullivan’s great FAQ for more specifics on what’s changed.

Hummingbird Unprecedented In Scope

This significant change in the core underpinnings of search has a lot of folks wondering about its impact on their business. (When combined with the recent spike in Not Provided, it makes for a pretty nail-biting time in the industry.)

We’ve been through algorithm changes before, but the substantiality of Hummingbird is fairly unprecedented.

From Danny’s FAQ:

When’s the last time Google replaced its algorithm this way?

Google struggled to recall when any type of major change like this last happened. In 2010, the “Caffeine Update” was a huge change. But that was also a change mostly meant to help Google better gather information (indexing) rather than sorting through the information. Google search chief Amit Singhal told me that perhaps 2001, when he first joined the company, was the last time the algorithm was so dramatically rewritten.

The scope of this change has us wondering how Google makes such a change. More specifically, how does Google measure “success” in their algorithm changes?

I recently came across an interesting article on Quora that took this question head on, asking: How does Google measure improvements in their search algorithm?

There was but one brave soul willing to take on how the black box that is Google’s algorithm might be evaluated, but his answer leaves the reader with food for thought and, as of this writing, has been upvoted 167 times.

The author, who claims to have received his information from Amit Singhal, Lead of Google Search, says that when rolling out an algorithm change, Google first does so to a small slice of users, and then exhaustively measures user response to the new search results.

That part is not earth shattering, but the part that is interesting is his description of what Google evaluates in determining the “success” of the algorithm change. The full article is worth a read, but I’ll zero in on a few of the criteria he suggests Google uses:

  1. Search Exit: The number of searches a visitor makes immediately before leaving the site. (This is essentially “bounce rate” for the SERPs.)
  2. Search Refinement: The number of times a visitors searches again immediately after performing a search.
  3. Time After Search: The amount of time the searcher spends on the site before bouncing back.

The theme that emerges from each of the above is that Google is looking to evaluate searcher satisfaction. That is: what does searcher behavior say about how satisfied they are with the search result they clicked on?

If true, Google’s focus on “discovering searcher satisfaction” in the SERPs has very real implications for search marketers. For some, there will be a “knew that, old news” response — but for others, the implications will be eye-opening and may result in a substantial shift in the way they approach search marketing going forward.

If the old way of doing things in search was to focus on ranking in the search results and stop there, the new paradigm that acknowledges Google’s focus on measuring and discovering searcher satisfaction takes into account that as search marketers, we need to consider more than “how are we ranking for X query?

Now, in the “searcher satisfaction” and post Hummingbird world that has Google more closely scrutinizing the degree to which users are satisfied with their search result than at any time in its 15+ year history, there is a shift in thinking that has the online marketer asking, “How satisfied have I left the searcher with their information retrieval experience?” That means asking new questions that extend beyond “where am I ranking” to include:

  1. How satisfied is the searcher with the information I am presenting? (Content Quality)
  2. How satisfied is the user with the way I am presenting the information? (Look & Feel/UI)
  3. How satisfied is the user with their ability to navigate through the site and discover additional information? (Site Structure/Navigation)

conductor-before-after-algo-change-focus

We, as site owners, have the tendency to micro-focus on the “success” or “failure” of a particular keyword or subset of keywords in the SERPs. But if the evaluative methods described above are accurate, and Google is carefully measuring how satisfied a searcher is with an individual result, we can be sure they are also taking careful note of how a domain overall resonates with searchers.

How satisfied are searchers with content, not just for “X” search result, but in aggregate for all search results for which your domain appears? How often do searchers click back and then click on another result or try a new search? How does that bounce/re-search rate compare to your competitors? A negative answer to these questions is likely to impact how your domain appears in the search results.

Step Back & Evaluate The Full Searcher Experience

So, what does this mean for you?

The paradigm that has existed until this point has been: focus on the search results. In other words, for many, the primary measure of success has been strictly whether or not I appear in the search results.

In the “searcher satisfaction” landscape, there are considerations that extend beyond rankings.

To make sure you are in sync with Google’s thinking and being as successful as you can be in the SERPs, here are three key questions you can ask:

  1. Content Quality: Is the content I am presenting to the user a thorough and comprehensive answer to their question/problem?
  2. Look and Feel: Am I appealing to both the text/informational side of the searcher’s brain and the visual side of the brain?
  3. Site structure/Navigation: Have I made it easy for visitors to find content beyond the page they landed on?

Conclusion

“Searcher satisfaction” is not a new concept. But with the recent launch of Hummingbird, now is a good time for search marketers to revisit whether they are sufficiently in sync with the way Google evaluates search results. You may not be able to fully control every one of them, but developing good answers to the three questions outlined above will go a long way in making sure you are taking steps in the right direction.

Opinions expressed in the article are those of the guest author and not necessarily Search Engine Land.

Related Topics: All Things SEO Column | Channel: SEO | Google: Algorithm Updates | Google: Hummingbird | Google: Web Search

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About The Author: is Director of Research at Conductor, Inc, an SEO technology company in New York, authoring insightful research on trends in the natural search industry.

Connect with the author via: Email | Twitter | Google+ | LinkedIn



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  • http://www.archology.com/ Jenny Halasz

    Excellent article, Nathan. Thanks!

  • maria

    Does anyone know if all these changes within the search will be reflected in Google Webmaster tools? As a small company who has to do our own SEO stuff, webmaster tools have been very important ~our site has been very dependent on getting everything 100% google approved!

  • Nathan Safran

    Thanks Jenny.

  • http://www.planetmarketing.com/ Francisco Meza

    A client of mine had dropped in rankings Aug 24th 2013. This is only or Google organic search and I believe that was the 1st release of Hummingbird. We haven’t recovered yet because of a SEO unfriendly CMS. Can’t wait for WordPress! I’ll be changing and everything soon and will report back.

  • http://www.hereschicago.com/ Jim Grillo

    Hey Francisco, I would love to know more about the CMS you are referring to as we might have the same CMS. I am also considering WordPress!!

  • Jeff Smith

    Nathan, if you go into Google patent search and search for “searcher satisfaction” and patents assigned to Google, you will find confirmation that this is an important metric. It’s also important to note that satisfaction seems directly tied to user loyalty, which would of course be critical to maintaining or growing market share.

  • donthe

    The cat is out of the bag ;-)
    This is why links don’t really matter anymore. Maybe they help Google take notice of you to give your site a shot in the SERPS, but after that they can tell if users likes you without needing to rely on links.
    I have a site with thousands of visitors a day and no real links.

  • http://www.planetmarketing.com/ Francisco Meza

    Hi Jim, it’s a custom PHP CMS. It’s not anything that’s available like a WordPress, Magento, Joomla, Drupal. It’s all custom.

  • http://www.nettroop.com/ Keny Gomez

    Hey Nathan, thanks for the article! excellent tips to look into.

  • Nathan Safran

    Jeff: interesting piece of evidence–I’ll have to check that out.

  • Nathan Safran

    Thanks Keny.

  • Jayne Reddyhoff

    I am baffled by the fact that ‘focus on the search results’ has been the paradigm for so many professional online marketing agencies in the past.

    As you say, ‘searcher satisfaction’ is not a new concept. Surely it has always been the most profitable thing to focus on, so why is it apparently such a difficult concept to grasp?

  • Jayne Reddyhoff

    I am baffled by the fact that ‘focus on the search results’ has been the paradigm for so many professional online marketing agencies in the past.

    As you say, ‘searcher satisfaction’ is not a new concept. Surely it has always been the most profitable thing to focus on, so why is it apparently such a difficult concept to grasp?

  • goverhorticulture

    google changes algorithm often. but when we do seo for clients. it will give vary result

 

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