No PPC agency is right for every advertiser.

Andrew Goodman’s recent SEL Post dividing the world of PPC practitioners into “Muddy Ones” and “Quants” was quite entertaining and accurately characterizes most firms in the space. We at RKG like to think of ourselves as “Muddy Quants” in Andrew’s vernacular. Alan has the PhD in Stats, and… well… I’m muddy.

We believe that for large, competitive, ROI driven accounts you must have both pieces. You need an advanced system to predicatively model data and execute bid changes automatically, because hand-bidding off of spreadsheets simply doesn’t compete in 2009. At the same time, we know enough about numbers to recognize the limitations of the data and data modeling, and the need for smart marketing analysts to control the process. The predictive model has no way of knowing that there’s a sale next week on Gibson Guitars or anticipating how that might impact performance; it has no way of knowing that you’re out of Merrill boots sizes 9-11; or that a retailer has just gotten some co-op advertising dollars from Kohler; or that customers of certain types of products are much more likely to pick up the phone and call or visit the local store than the average spillover rate for that client would suggest. Marketing is muddy, no matter how skilled one is at analysis.

But not every advertiser is both ROI driven and competing in a large, complex marketplace.

How does your company think about advertising/marketing? Is the primary goal of PPC advertising to:

1. Create positive awareness of your brand? or 2. Generate maximum revenue within some acceptable ROI?

Many will answer “both”, but in our experience only one of these dominates an advertiser’s thought process.

Agencies come with the same biases: either they’re fundamentally direct marketers and live and die by ROI calculations, or, they’re advertising agencies that focus on share of voice, brand awareness and creating positive experiences with your brand.

If the principal objective is branding, you don’t need the mathematicians/engineers, and likely you don’t want them. When you ask “What sort of ‘outside the box’ ideas do you have for creating brand awareness?” the quants will scratch their heads and send you a spreadsheet pointing out why the changes you suggest would damage conversion rates, lowering revenue per click forcing bids down the page. Not what you wanted to hear, and, frankly you’re asking number crunchers to paint a portrait.

If, like our clients, you enjoy talking about hold-out tests, the incrementality of a marketing program, lifts necessary for offers to pay-off, and the cannibalization that occurs between different marketing programs, you will be miserable if you hire the advertising agency style of PPC firm. They will talk about metrics that don’t matter to you like impression share, they will talk about buying cycles without supporting data, and most importantly the results will stink. At a gathering of agency heads I heard one say “(egads) Our clients are starting to ask us to separate brand from non-brand performance data, and (horror of horrors) some are even asking for keyword level performance data!?!” I almost fainted!

Agencies often claim expertise in both, but take a look at their “about us” page to see their roots. The roots will determine the type of tree. Those who aren’t direct marketers by training do not build the right analytical systems, the data warehouses, or the algorithms and don’t train their staff to eat, breathe and sleep ROI.

Advanced data modeling doesn’t help every company that seeks ROI.

Data modeling requires data. If an advertiser’s niche is too narrow in scope or geography, the best mathematicians in the world won’t be able to materially outperform the advertiser’s own staff. An agency of muddy-ones will do every bit as well as the muddy-quants like RKG, and probably better than the algo-only firms.

Finding the right PPC agency for your firm requires knowing yourself and whether your organization sees PPC as primarily an advertising vehicle, or primarily a direct marketing vehicle, and finding an agency that shares the same view.

Opinions expressed in the article are those of the guest author and not necessarily Search Engine Land.

Related Topics: Channel: SEM | Paid Search Column | SEM Industry: Outsourcing


About The Author: is Co-Founder and Chief Marketing Scientist of RKG, a technology and service leader in paid search, SEO, performance display, social media, and the science of online marketing. He also writes for the RKG Blog. Follow him on Twitter at @georgemichie1.

Connect with the author via: Email | Twitter | Google+


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  • birseo

    By Birendra Singh, Internet marketer India
    If we try to put our PPC ads on the second top position, i hope it will help in decreasing the CPC.
    The discussion in the present article is not much useful.

  • rachelleking

    Great article! It is so very true for a company to be satisfied with PPC performance for them to find a match between their business goals & the agencies talents. You have given solid advice on how to find those agencies that can stand the test of “proof”. Being able to build actionable reports to increase different online goals is key, & if an agency doesn’t understand what is important to the business for it’s success then it can not build good campaigns little lone reports to help the company grow.

    I think there are agencies that can do both awareness & direct “action” marketing through PPC however also finding those that won’t abuse the “Brand” to show high ROI is another thing to be aware of. I like that you point out companies are getting more involved in the results & are asking to see data even at the keyword level! Coolo! Finding a balance between brand campaigns & CPA campaigns in PPC is an art, & unique to the business goals. Love this article! Thanks :o)


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