Are Search Engines Driving Libraries To Extinction? Not Quite Yet

With today’s instant anywhere-anytime access to Google, Bing and Wolfram Alpha, where searching for information takes a few scant heartbeats via an internet-connected device, some people regard physical libraries as a quaint relics of a forgotten age. But new research from Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project suggests just the opposite: that in fact, libraries are reinventing themselves as vibrant community-based repositories of important and sometimes eclectic print materials, but also offering a wide and creative range of services, access to apps, gadgets community spaces and more.

According to the study results, the traditional role played by libraries, including access to print works and professional librarians, is still important to most. Among the key findings:

  • 80% of Americans ages 16 and older say borrowing books is a “very important” service libraries provide.
  • 80% say reference librarians are a “very important” service of libraries.
  • 77% say free access to computers and the internet is a “very important” service of libraries.

Despite a strong majority saying libraries are important, the study also found that usage is dropping: 22% of recent library users ages 16+ say their use of libraries has gone down in the past 5 years. In part that’s because search engines make life easier: 40% can get books, do research online and say the internet is more convenient than making an excursion to the local library.

One librarian who participated in the study said that most people, including students, didn’t know about the research resources offered by the library other than books. “Most students have no idea what a database is and therefore get their information from Google, while the tremendous resources available online from our library go unknown and unused.”

The study unearthed another need that libraries could relatively easily fulfill: providing “human powered search engines” providing answers or Quora-style threaded discussions initiated by patrons. 37% of Americans ages 16 and older would “very likely” use an “ask a librarian” type of service, and another 36% say they would be “somewhat likely” to do so.

Interestingly, libraries were early pioneers in offering these types of online “aska” (as in “ask a librarian”) services even before the advent of the earliest search engines. Many public libraries currently offer aska services, but clearly there’s a lack of awareness of their existence and availability.

What other kinds of things would people like to see offered by libraries? Not surprisingly, access to more high-tech products and services, such as:

  • Access to technology “petting zoos” to try out new devices.
  • “Amazon”-style customized book/audio/video recommendation schemes that are based on patrons’ prior library behavior
  • Apps-based access to library materials and programs.
  • “Redbox”-style lending machines or kiosks located throughout the community where people can check out books, movies or music without having to go to the library itself.
  • GPS-navigation apps to help patrons local material inside library buildings.

Ironically, many public libraries currently offer these and other services, but the study found that just 22% say that they know all or most of the services their libraries offer now. This suggests that libraries need to do a better job of both educating and marketing, to get the word out and encourage patrons (perhaps even start thinking of patrons as “customers?”). Our colleague here at Search Engine Land, Gary Price, has been sounding this clarion call in his numerous presentations over the past decade, and it looks like his message is finally starting to have some impact.

Other major themes that emerged in the study included the importance of libraries working more closely with local communities, offering meeting space, extra-curricular study opportunities for children (especially those living in disadvantaged communities), opening up public spaces by moving less popular or older books into non-public storage, and in another nod toward the digitization trend, offering a wider selection of eBooks that patrons can “borrow” on their tablet devices.

Library Use & Demographics

The Pew study also looked at the breakdown of demographic differences in preferences for library services. Overall, blacks and Hispanics are significantly more likely than whites to be interested in all of the services mentioned, while older adults, especially those ages 65 and older, are the least likely age group to express an interest in any of these services. Unsurprisingly, people with lower levels of education and income were also more interested in the diverse services libraries have to offer.

Even if you’re in the camp of “you can find anything on the internet” the Pew study makes for interesting reading, exploring how the evolution of libraries is not only breaking down some of the “digital divide” issues, but also offering a compelling vision of how libraries and librarians can draw from their strengths and create new and useful services for the community – something they’ve always done, and that they’re continuing to do. To paraphrase the once-popular song title, it’s very obvious that “Google didn’t kill the library star.” Download the full report: Library services in the digital age (pdf).

How To Get The Most From Your Library

The best way to fully understand and take advantage of what your library has to offer, of course, is to make a full-scale recognizance mission, spending time familiarizing yourself with the physical layout of the building, getting to know the librarians, and poking and prodding the gadgets and online resources to see what they can do for you.

But there are also some great online resources. Here are some great “how-tos” for maximizing your library experience:

  • From Lifehacker, Get the most of your local library — online, a great overview of what’s available at most libraries, and how to tap into those resources.
  • Want to go really deep? Making the most of your library is an excellent overview of what’s available at most libraries, and how to use numerous resources beyond just “find and check out.”
  • Prefer to watch rather than read? Check out the YouTube series Info Literacy from Bob Baker, Librarian Director at PCC libraries.

Related Topics: Channel: Consumer | Features: Analysis | Search & Society | Top News


About The Author: (@CJSherman) is a Founding Editor of and President of Searchwise LLC, a Boulder Colorado based Web consulting firm. He also programs and co-chairs the Search Marketing Expo - SMX conference series.

Connect with the author via: Email | Twitter | Google+ | LinkedIn


Get all the top search stories emailed daily!  


Other ways to share:

Read before commenting! We welcome constructive comments and allow any that meet our common sense criteria. This means being respectful and polite to others. It means providing helpful information that contributes to a story or discussion. It means leaving links only that substantially add further to a discussion. Comments using foul language, being disrespectful to others or otherwise violating what we believe are common sense standards of discussion will be deleted. Comments may also be removed if they are posted from anonymous accounts. You can read more about our comments policy here.
  • Brian W. Crumley

    I still use Libraries but mainly as just a quiet place to work that has wifi.

  • sharithurow

    Hi Chris and SEL readers,

    I cannot imagine my life without libraries or reference librarians. I think reference librarians are some of the coolest people on the planet.

    If you or anyone gets a chance to visit the Bodleian Library (at Oxford University), observe the way that people requested desired information/documents hundreds of years ago. How do people locate and discover information now and then?

    Perhaps we are overlooking the obvious.

    Libraries rock. Love ‘em.

  • Volkai

    In the future the library is where you will learn how to internets.

  • Steve Schildwachter

    Just yesterday I sent my teenage daughter to the local library to work on her research paper. As predicted, browsing the shelves in two different topic areas got her to some great source material more effectively than if she had searched online — which leads to a lot of distractions and detours (see: The Shallows). To be sure, online research will be part of the process, but going to physical shelves was also a necessary step.

  • Tim McLain

    As a former 11-year veteran of ProQuest, one of several deep-Web information database providers to libraries, this quote doesn’t surprise me: “Most students have no idea what a database is and therefore get their information from Google, while the tremendous resources available online from our library go unknown and unused.”

    We worked hard internally to create marketing materials for libraries to post/email/post to social networks, etc. to advertise their databases to patrons. You can view most of this material here:

    Libraries are strapped for cash as it is, and are not marketing experts.

    I think libraries should embrace Google and all search engines, along with banner advertising, mobile, and social media, to get the word out in their local communities about the unique databases they have open to patrons, as well as the services they provide, author chats, etc.

    I believe the first deep-Web database vendor – ProQuest, Gale, EBSCO – to step up to offer a strategic marketing plan using digital and traditional tools to libraries will win more business and grow local library usage quickly. It’s something I’ve talked about on several occasions with ProQuest staffers.

  • Cory Grassell

    As a former campus-library employee, I can’t stress the importance of libraries for students; in fact, I think those libraries will adapt just fine. Public, city-run libraries certainly have their challenges ahead of them, but they’re just like any other “media company” trying to adapt to changing user behaviors and technology.

    As an aside, a few colleagues and I were conversing yesterday about things that are now extinct. One coworker once had to educate another about “that big object” in the corner, it being a typewriter. In my case, I recalled how newer classes of students didn’t know what card catalogs are/were.

  • Allan K

    , but also offering a compelling vision of how libraries and librarians can draw from their strengths and create new and useful services for the community – something they’ve always done, and that they’re continuing to do.

  • Gabor Por

    Just a minor note that the link in the article to download the PEW report is broken. The HREF and the anchor text is mixed up.

Get Our News, Everywhere!

Daily Email:

Follow Search Engine Land on Twitter @sengineland Like Search Engine Land on Facebook Follow Search Engine Land on Google+ Get the Search Engine Land Feed Connect with Search Engine Land on LinkedIn Check out our Tumblr! See us on Pinterest


Click to watch SMX conference video

Join us at one of our SMX or MarTech events:

United States


Australia & China

Learn more about: SMX | MarTech

Free Daily Search News Recap!

SearchCap is a once-per-day newsletter update - sign up below and get the news delivered to you!



Search Engine Land Periodic Table of SEO Success Factors

Get Your Copy
Read The Full SEO Guide