Use These Tools To See What Entities Are On A Web Page

Search engines leverage structured data to determine what entities are on your web page. They can also do this using other techniques such as natural language processing (NLP) and machine learning.

This article will introduce you to various tools that will help you identify entities on a web page. These tools include:

  • Interesting /Chrome plugins/extensions that enable you to see entities derived from structured data/markup as you surf any web page
  • A fantastic visualization tool for entity graphs which can be run locally on your computer
  • Tools that extract entities on a web page using primarily natural language processing (NLP) techniques

How to see your web pages like a search engine does

How to see your webpages like a search engine does

Useful Chrome Plugins/Extensions

There are several Chrome plugins that are extremely helpful in understanding (and actually seeing) what structured data is on a web page. Illustrated below are the Chrome extensions I use, listed under the keyword used to locate them via Chrome Web Store search.

MetadataMicrodataogextensionschrome

Here are links to each extension:

There are many advantages to utilizing these plugins. For one, they really give you a good feel for who is using what markup on their websites as you surf the web on a daily basis. When you see those little microdata and structured markup icons appear in your browser, you need only click to instantly see what kinds of markup and meta data are on a page.

Another advantage is that some of these extensions crawl JavaScript, so you can see all kinds of interesting information that you could not see were you to run those same pages through Google’s rich snippets testing tool.

Attempting to display the amount of information provided by all these extensions in a single screenshot is not possible, so I’ve opted to include just a few examples, broken down into several screenshots.

(Note: The fact that there is too much info to display in a single screenshot is indicative of the growth of structured data on the web since I last wrote on the topic 2 years ago. The volume of information that is available on the average web page, by comparison to 2012, has increased by orders of magnitude.)

The three screenshots below provide a sampling of the kinds of information gleaned via the microdata extensions. (All can be enlarged by clicking.) While the info is fairly similar across all 3 extensions, it’s nice to have several tools available in case one picks up something the others have missed.

microdata.inspector plugin used on a walmart product page

Information provided by the Microdata inspector extension. (Click to enlarge.)

Information provided by the Microdata/JSON-LD sniffer extension (Click to enlarge)

Information provided by the Microdata/JSON-LD sniffer extension. (Click to enlarge.)

Information provided by the Semantic Inspector extension (Click to enlarge.)

Information provided by the Semantic Inspector extension. (Click to enlarge.)

All three plugins have identified schema.org Product markup, including properties for image, name, brand, manufacturer, model, product ID, offers and description. They’ve also identified the on-page markup for reviews and ratings.

Marketers looking to implement their own structured markup might be most interested in the Microdata/JSON-LD sniffer extension (middle screenshot above), as it provides the information in a convenient HTML view.

The META SEO inspector gives an even higher-level view of page data:

Information provided by the META SEO inspector extension. (Click to enlarge.)

Information provided by the META SEO inspector extension. (Click to enlarge.)

As illustrated by the screenshot above, the META SEO inspector lets you see all kinds of metadata provided to search engines, ranging from old-fashioned but still utilized metadata tags to schema.org information, Facebook Open Graph, Twitter tools/cards and more.

The last extension I’m going to cover here is called Green Turtle RDFa. This extension provides not only provides a complete listing of subject-predicate-object triples information on a web page, but also a visualization of that information. Here’s a view of the information Green Turtle has gleaned from the Walmart product page we’ve been using as an example so far:

Information provided by the Green Turtle extension. (Click to enlarge.)

Information provided by the Green Turtle extension. (Click to enlarge.)

With the right settings enabled, this tool also extracts microdata. To turn on that feature for this extension once you download it, you need to perform the following actions:

Once you have downloaded the Green Turtle extension into your Chrome browser, go to Tools –> Extensions and find it in your extensions list. Select “Options,” then check the box to Enable Microdata.

Enabling microdata (as well as RDFa) in Green Turtle

Enabling microdata (as well as RDFa in Green Turtle

Now that you have enabled both RDFa and microdata parsing for the Green Turtle plugin, you should be able to see much information. Check out the new results for that same Walmart product page:

Green Turtle information with microdata enabled. (Click to enlarge.)

Green Turtle information with microdata enabled. (Click to enlarge.)

Structured Data Visualization Tool: Gruff

Gruff is a tool that is downloadable for free (Mac or PC) and allows you to visualize what structured data (or triples — data entities composed of subject-predicate-object) are harvested from a web page. The graphic below (extracted from a recent Search Engine Land article I wrote) will give you an idea of the type of information Gruff can give you.

illustrations of structured information retrieved from Gruff – running it over a Searchengineland article

Illustrations of structured information retrieved from Gruff, running it over a Search Engine Land article. (Click to enlarge.)

To use Gruff, you must first download it here. To run it locally and use the simpler installation, I would recommend downloading the 3.3 version (you will see both when you select the download option).

Once Gruff is installed, you will need to create a “New Triple-Store” under the File menu. Once completed, you can then extract web page data by going to File –> Extract Microformat/RDFa Data from Web Page and then entering the URL in the box provided. (Leave the Graph Name field blank.)

SELimage7Gruffusage

When the program has finished extracting the data, go to the Display tab and select the last option, Display Triples of One Graph. This should bring up the data visualization map (as seen above).

Tools That Allow You To Get Information Out Of Text

(See What Entities Are In Your Text – NLP Tools)

TextRazor is an API that analyses text input to determine information about specific entities within that text. With this tool, you can “extract the Who, What, Why and How” from the text of web pages, tweets, emails, etc. To see how it works, check out their demo page and input some text.

As an example, here’s what TextRazor came up with when analyzing the first two paragraphs of one of my previous columns (click the images to enlarge):

TextRazor-one

TextRazor analyzes text and extracts entity information. (Click to enlarge.)

TextRazor-two

When you hover over entities identified by TextRazor, additional information about that entity pops up, including a Wikipedia link and a Freebase ID. (Click to enlarge.)

Other useful tools and APIs for named entity extraction over text include:

These tools can be fun to play with, while providing a helpful understanding of how entities and entity graphs can be derived from both structured and unstructured information sources in a web page.

Key Takeaways

  • Understanding that entities can be derived from structured, semi structured, as well as unstructured information in a page can be enormously helpful in a transition to understanding semantic search.
  • Spend some time simply playing with these tools, and you will find the task and concept is less daunting that it may appear.
  • If it appears complicated, that’s because it is complicated! However, for the purposes of merely utilizing the technology to obtain a vision of what entities are on a page (which is all you need to know unless you want to be a researcher or build the tools), it is simply helpful and fun.

Opinions expressed in the article are those of the guest author and not necessarily Search Engine Land.

Related Topics: All Things SEO Column | Channel: SEO | How To | How To: SEO | Schema.org

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About The Author: of SemanticFuse is a semantic strategist and software engineer. providing semantic SEO and other related consulting services. Starr is a technology expert and software designer specifically in the semantic search and semantic Web arenas.

Connect with the author via: Email | Twitter | Google+ | LinkedIn



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